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The impact of food intake and social habits on embryo quality and the likelihood of blastocyst formation

Published:March 26, 2015DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rbmo.2015.03.007

      Abstract

      The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of patients' lifestyle factors and eating habits on embryo development. A total of 2659 embryos recovered from 269 patients undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles were included. The frequency of intake of food items and social habits were registered and its influences on embryo development evaluated. The consumption of cereals, vegetables and fruits positively influenced the embryo quality at the cleavage stage. The quality of the embryo at the cleavage stage was also negatively correlated with the consumption of alcoholic drinks and smoking habits. The consumption of fruits influenced the likelihood of blastocyst formation, which was also positively affected by the consumption of fish. Being on a weight-loss diet and consumption of red meat had a negative influence on the likelihood of blastocyst formation. The likelihood of blastocyst formation was also negatively influenced by the consumption of alcoholic drinks and by smoking habits. The consumption of red meat and body mass index had a negative effect on the implantation rate and the likelihood of pregnancy. In addition, being on a weight-loss diet had a negative influence on implantation rate. Our evidence suggests a possible relationship between environmental factors and ovary biology.

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      Biography

      Daniela Braga obtained her DVM degree in 1998 at Paulista University Sao Paulo, Brazil. She is currently a PhD student at Universidade Federal Paulista – UNIFESP, head of the Scientific Research Department at Fertility – Centro de Fertilização Assistida and collaborator at the discipline of human assisted reproduction laboratory in the Instituto Sapientiae – Centro de Estudos e Pesquisa em Reprodução Assistida. Daniela Braga has published over 80 scietific papers in peer reviewed journals.