- Certain gene polymorphisms are associated with implantation failure and pregnancy loss. Studies of leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF) gene polymorphisms are scarce. The LIF single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) thymine (T)/guanine (G) (rs929271) was studied in women to determine whether an association existed with pregnancy outcomes after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI); 411 women who underwent ICSI were recruited. DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood, and the LIF gene SNP T/G (rs929271) was genotyped using real-time polymerase chain reaction.
- The aim of this case series study was to investigate the effect of adjusting the length of progesterone exposure on clinical pregnancy rates in cryopreserved embryo transfer cycles of patients with out-of-phase classic endometrial dating. Eighty infertile women with previous implantation failure and good-quality embryos underwent endometrial biopsy before cryopreserved embryo transfer and were included in this study. The main outcome measures were clinical pregnancy rate and histologic endometrial dating.
- Traditional dogma suggests that intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) should be performed to ensure successful oocyte fertilization in an in-vitro maturation (IVM) cycle. This study postulated that there would be no difference in the fertilization rate when ICSI was compared with IVF. This hypothesis was tested in a randomized trial of IVF versus ICSI in IVM. A total of 150 immature oocytes were collected in eight cycles of IVM for patients diagnosed with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Patients were primed with minimal FSH before transvaginal oocyte aspiration.
- Due to the known adverse effect of endometriosis on gamete quality, it has always been difficult to demonstrate a direct effect of endometriosis on implantation. In order to eliminate these confounding effects, this prospective comparative study studied a population of menopausal recipients with and without endometriosis sharing sibling oocytes coming from the same donor. The aim was to understand the impact of endometriosis on implantation, pregnancy and live birth rates in menopausal recipients.
- When infertile women undergoing IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) have more than 20 mature oocytes retrieved, at least 15 oocytes are inseminated by their husband’s spermatozoa. The extra oocytes are cryopreserved by vitrification. If the patients became pregnant and have healthy live births, the patients are encouraged to donate their remaining cryopreserved oocytes. Forty-seven egg-sharing donors were recruited after having normal deliveries and they donated their remaining oocytes, totalling 395 cryopreserved oocytes, to 75 recipients.