- Does ovarian stimulation for oocyte vitrification affect disease-free survival and overall survival rates in women with early breast cancer?
- Advances in oocyte and embryo cryopreservation for assisted reproduction prompted new approaches to ovarian stimulation. Attention has been paid to progesterone and its derivatives to block the LH surge, as oocyte vitrification removes possible harmful effects of progestins on endometrial receptivity. This review summarizes the current status of progestin use to inhibit ovulation during ovarian stimulation compared with conventional ovarian stimulation. Progestin-primed ovarian stimulation is shown to effectively inhibit spontaneous ovulation, without affecting the number of retrieved oocytes and embryo quality.
- Conception via assisted reproductive technology (ART) increases the risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in adulthood. Underlying differences between ART-conceived and in-vivo-conceived embryos that contribute to this increased risk are, however, not known.
- In nature, HCG is secreted by the implanting embryo from peri-implantation and onwards. In contrast, LH is mandatory for steroidogenesis and follicular development during the follicular phase, working in synergy with FSH. Moreover, LH is mandatory for the function of the corpus luteum. Although LH and HCG bind to the same receptor, significant molecular, structural and functional differences exist, inducing differences in bioactivity. This randomized controlled study compared the effect of recombinant FSH stimulation combined with daily either micro-dose recombinant HCG or recombinant LH supplementation in a 1:1 bioactivity ratio from day 1 of stimulation in a long gonadotrophin releasing hormone agonist down regulation protocol.